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IT运维工程师的摇篮

[玩耍]俄罗斯方块

和贪吃蛇在同一时期写的,私以为比我在网上找到的那些其他的控制台版的俄罗斯方块更精致大笑

成品地址:链接: http://pan.baidu.com/s/1jIo9Ovs 密码: 7k8j

当时初学编程,废寝忘食地写着玩的,现在看看优化余地很大。

与之前的贪吃蛇一样R键刷新界面显示,空格暂停,“暂停”两字写在游戏右侧。这次没做花哨的开始界面,也是Visual studio2015写的,一样会生成一个保存分数的文件

上:翻转;下:瞬间下落;左右:就是左右  ESC:退出游戏(退出游戏时做了一个略花哨的动画)

//俄罗斯方块
#include<Windows.h>
#include<iostream>
#include<fstream>
#include<ctime>
using namespace std;
/**********************************/
//根据小键盘,将8、2、4、6定义为上下左右,5为默认,0为退出游戏
#define Sb 16//Screen的宽度
#define Sh 21//Screen的高度
bool Screen[Sh + 3][Sb + 2] = { 0 };
unsigned Speed_mulriple_limit = 2;
unsigned Speed_mulriple = 8;
unsigned SleepTime = 100;
unsigned Score = 0;
unsigned Max=0;
struct Tetris {
	bool shape[4][4];
	unsigned type;
	unsigned x, y;
}Tnow;
/**********************************/
void Start();
void Game();
void End();
void Interface();
void ScreenPrint();
void ScreenClear();
void NextShow(unsigned);
void Pause();
void TBuild(Tetris&, unsigned);
void TRotate(Tetris&);
void TMove(Tetris&, int);
void TDown(Tetris&);
void TCopy(Tetris&, const Tetris&);
void TShow(const Tetris&);
void TClear(const Tetris&);
int Judge_down(const Tetris&);
int Judge_key();
int Judge_eliminate(const Tetris&);
int Judge_gameover(const Tetris&);
void Pos(unsigned, unsigned);
void PosScreen(unsigned, unsigned);
void Swap(bool&, bool&);
/**********************************/
void Start() {
	system("mode con cols=80 lines=25");
	const CONSOLE_CURSOR_INFO cursor{ (DWORD)100,FALSE };
	SetConsoleCursorInfo(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE), &cursor);
	srand((unsigned)time(0));
	ifstream i("tetris_data.dat", ios_base::binary);
	if (!i) i.close();
	else {
		unsigned s;
		i >> s;
		Max = s;
		i.close();
	}
	for (int i = 0;i < Sb + 2;++i)Screen[Sh + 2][i] = Screen[Sh + 1][i] = 1;
	for (int i = 0;i < Sh + 2;++i)Screen[i][0] = Screen[i][Sb + 1] = 1;
	Pos(12, 16);cout << "要开始游戏,请先关闭输入法,再";system("pause");system("cls");
	Interface();
}
void Game() {
	unsigned type_now = rand() % 7;
	unsigned type_next = rand() % 7;
	TBuild(Tnow, type_now);
	NextShow(type_next);
	Tetris Tp;//记录前面一步以方便删除轨迹
	TCopy(Tp, Tnow);
	int count = 1;
	int speed_count = 1;
	while (++count) {
		if (Judge_down(Tnow)) {
			Tp.type = 233;
			ScreenPrint();
			if (int lines=Judge_eliminate(Tnow)) {
				Score += 15*lines-5;
				if (Score > Max)Max = Score;
				++speed_count;
				speed_count %= 6;
				if (!speed_count&&Speed_mulriple>Speed_mulriple_limit)Speed_mulriple -= 1;
				Pos(14, 56);cout << Score;
				Pos(15, 56);cout << SleepTime*Speed_mulriple << 's';
				Pos(16, 58);cout << Max;
				ScreenClear();
				ScreenPrint();
				Sleep(10);
			}
			type_now = type_next;
			type_next = rand() % 7;
			TBuild(Tnow, type_now);
			Judge_gameover(Tnow);
			NextShow(type_next);
		}
		switch (Judge_key()) {
		case 8:TRotate(Tnow);break;
		case 4:TMove(Tnow, 4);break;
		case 6:TMove(Tnow, 6);break;
		case 2:TDown(Tnow);break;
		case 0:PosScreen(10, 4);cout << "Escape from Tetris!";End();
		}
		TClear(Tp);
		TShow(Tnow);
		TCopy(Tp, Tnow);
		if (!(count %= Speed_mulriple)) { count = 1;++Tnow.x; }
		Sleep(SleepTime);
	}
}
void End() {
	ofstream o("tetris_data.dat", ios_base::binary);
	if (!o) o.close();
	else {
		o << Max;
		o.close();
	}
	PosScreen(1, 1);
	int num = 0;
	int times = 0;
	int sl = 3;
	SetConsoleTextAttribute(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE), 119);
	while (num < 336) {
		int i, j;
		PosScreen(times + 1, times + 1);
		for (i = times + 1;i < Sb - times;++i) {
			cout << "■";
			++num;
			Sleep(sl);
		}
		for (j = times + 1;j < Sh - times;++j) {
			PosScreen(j, i);
			cout << "■";
			++num;
			Sleep(sl);
		}
		for (;i > times + 1;--i) {
			PosScreen(j, i);
			cout << "■";
			++num;
			Sleep(sl);
		}
		for (;j > times + 1;--j) {
			PosScreen(j, i);
			cout << "■";
			++num;
			Sleep(sl);
		}
		++times;
	}
	exit(0);
}
void Interface() {
	SetConsoleTextAttribute(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE), 8);
	Pos(2, 3);cout << "■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■/n";//18x
	for (int i = 3;i < 24;++i)cout << "  ■/n";
	cout << "  ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■/n";
	for (int i = 3;i < 24;++i) {
		Pos(i, 37); cout << "■";
		if (i <= 8 || i >= 12) {
			Pos(i, 47); cout << "■";
			Pos(i, 69); cout << "■";
		}
	}
	Pos(2, 47); cout << "■■■■■■■■■■■■";//12x
	Pos(8, 47); cout << "■■■■■■■■■■■■";
	Pos(12, 47); cout << "■■■■■■■■■■■■";
	Pos(24, 47); cout << "■■■■■■■■■■■■";
	SetConsoleTextAttribute(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE), 15);
	Pos(9, 53);cout << "下一个  方块";
	Pos(14, 51);cout << "得分:" << Score;
	Pos(15, 51);cout << "速度:" << SleepTime*Speed_mulriple << 's';
	Pos(16, 51);cout << "最高分:" << Max;
	Pos(17, 51);cout << "按R键图像复位";
	Pos(18, 54);cout << "用于输入法导";
	Pos(19, 54);cout << "致的显示错误";
	Pos(20, 51);cout << "上下左右操控";
	Pos(21, 51);cout << "按空格键暂停";
	Pos(22, 51);cout << "按ESC结束游戏";
}
void ScreenPrint() {
	for (int i = 1;i <= Sh;++i) {
		for (int j = 1;j <= Sb;++j) {
			if (Screen[i][j]) {
				PosScreen(i, j);
				cout << "■";
			}
		}
	}
}
void ScreenClear() {
	for (int i = 1;i <= Sh;++i)
		for (int j = 1;j <= Sb;++j) {
			PosScreen(i, j);cout << "  ";
		}

}
void NextShow(unsigned t) {
	Pos(3, 49);cout << "                    ";
	Pos(4, 49);cout << "                    ";
	Pos(5, 49);cout << "                    ";
	Pos(6, 49);cout << "                    ";
	Pos(7, 49);cout << "                    ";
	if (t == 0) { Pos(5, 55);cout << "■■■■"; }
	else if (t == 1) { Pos(4, 57);cout << "■■";Pos(5, 57);cout << "■■"; }
	else if (t == 2) { Pos(4, 59);cout << "■";Pos(5, 55);cout << "■■■"; }
	else if (t == 3) { Pos(4, 57);cout << "■";Pos(5, 55);cout << "■■■"; }
	else if (t == 4) { Pos(4, 55);cout << "■";Pos(5, 55);cout << "■■■"; }
	else if (t == 5) { Pos(4, 57);cout << "■■";Pos(5, 55);cout << "■■"; }
	else { Pos(4, 55);cout << "■■";Pos(5, 57);cout << "■■"; }
}
void Pause() {
	Pos(11, 55);cout << "暂    停";
	do {
		Sleep(200);
	} while (!GetAsyncKeyState(VK_SPACE));
	Pos(11, 55);cout << "        ";
}

void TBuild(Tetris& t, unsigned sh) {
	t.x = 0;
	t.type = sh;
	switch (sh)
	{
	case 0: {
		t.shape[0][0] = 0;t.shape[0][1] = 0;t.shape[0][2] = 0;t.shape[0][3] = 0;//
		t.shape[1][0] = 1;t.shape[1][1] = 1;t.shape[1][2] = 1;t.shape[1][3] = 1;//■■■■
		t.shape[2][0] = 0;t.shape[2][1] = 0;t.shape[2][2] = 0;t.shape[2][3] = 0;//
		t.shape[3][0] = 0;t.shape[3][1] = 0;t.shape[3][2] = 0;t.shape[3][3] = 0;//青色
		t.y = 7;
		break;
	}
	case 1: {
		t.shape[0][0] = 1;t.shape[0][1] = 1;t.shape[0][2] = 0;t.shape[0][3] = 0;//■■
		t.shape[1][0] = 1;t.shape[1][1] = 1;t.shape[1][2] = 0;t.shape[1][3] = 0;//■■
		t.shape[2][0] = 0;t.shape[2][1] = 0;t.shape[2][2] = 0;t.shape[2][3] = 0;//
		t.shape[3][0] = 0;t.shape[3][1] = 0;t.shape[3][2] = 0;t.shape[3][3] = 0;//蓝
		t.y = 8;
		break;
	}
	case 2: {
		t.shape[0][0] = 0;t.shape[0][1] = 0;t.shape[0][2] = 1;t.shape[0][3] = 0;//  ■
		t.shape[1][0] = 1;t.shape[1][1] = 1;t.shape[1][2] = 1;t.shape[1][3] = 0;//■■■
		t.shape[2][0] = 0;t.shape[2][1] = 0;t.shape[2][2] = 0;t.shape[2][3] = 0;//
		t.shape[3][0] = 0;t.shape[3][1] = 0;t.shape[3][2] = 0;t.shape[3][3] = 0;//紫
		t.y = 7;
		break;
	}
	case 3: {
		t.shape[0][0] = 0;t.shape[0][1] = 1;t.shape[0][2] = 0;t.shape[0][3] = 0;// ■
		t.shape[1][0] = 1;t.shape[1][1] = 1;t.shape[1][2] = 1;t.shape[1][3] = 0;//■■■
		t.shape[2][0] = 0;t.shape[2][1] = 0;t.shape[2][2] = 0;t.shape[2][3] = 0;//
		t.shape[3][0] = 0;t.shape[3][1] = 0;t.shape[3][2] = 0;t.shape[3][3] = 0;//绿
		t.y = 7;
		break;
	}
	case 4: {
		t.shape[0][0] = 1;t.shape[0][1] = 0;t.shape[0][2] = 0;t.shape[0][3] = 0;//■
		t.shape[1][0] = 1;t.shape[1][1] = 1;t.shape[1][2] = 1;t.shape[1][3] = 0;//■■■
		t.shape[2][0] = 0;t.shape[2][1] = 0;t.shape[2][2] = 0;t.shape[2][3] = 0;//
		t.shape[3][0] = 0;t.shape[3][1] = 0;t.shape[3][2] = 0;t.shape[3][3] = 0;//红
		t.y = 7;
		break;
	}
	case 5: {
		t.shape[0][0] = 0;t.shape[0][1] = 1;t.shape[0][2] = 1;t.shape[0][3] = 0;// ■■
		t.shape[1][0] = 1;t.shape[1][1] = 1;t.shape[1][2] = 0;t.shape[1][3] = 0;//■■
		t.shape[2][0] = 0;t.shape[2][1] = 0;t.shape[2][2] = 0;t.shape[2][3] = 0;//
		t.shape[3][0] = 0;t.shape[3][1] = 0;t.shape[3][2] = 0;t.shape[3][3] = 0;//橙色
		t.y = 7;
		break;
	}
	case 6: {
		t.shape[0][0] = 1;t.shape[0][1] = 1;t.shape[0][2] = 0;t.shape[0][3] = 0;//■■
		t.shape[1][0] = 0;t.shape[1][1] = 1;t.shape[1][2] = 1;t.shape[1][3] = 0;// ■■
		t.shape[2][0] = 0;t.shape[2][1] = 0;t.shape[2][2] = 0;t.shape[2][3] = 0;//
		t.shape[3][0] = 0;t.shape[3][1] = 0;t.shape[3][2] = 0;t.shape[3][3] = 0;//黄色
		t.y = 7;
		break;
	}
	default: {Pos(1, 1);cerr << "Error 2:方块种类出错!";exit(1);}
	}
}
void TRotate(Tetris& t) {
	if (t.type == 0) {
		Swap(t.shape[0][1], t.shape[1][0]);
		Swap(t.shape[2][1], t.shape[1][2]);
		Swap(t.shape[3][1], t.shape[1][3]);
		for (int i = 0;i < 4;++i)
			for (int j = 0;j < 4;++j)
				if (t.shape[i][j])
					if (i + t.x > Sh || j + t.y>Sb || Screen[t.x + i][t.y + j]) {
						Swap(t.shape[0][1], t.shape[1][0]);
						Swap(t.shape[2][1], t.shape[1][2]);
						Swap(t.shape[3][1], t.shape[1][3]);
					}
	}
	else if (t.type == 1);
	else {
		bool tmp[3][3];
		for (int i = 0;i < 3;++i)
			for (int j = 0;j < 3;++j)
				tmp[i][j] = t.shape[i][j];
		t.shape[0][0] = tmp[2][0];
		t.shape[0][1] = tmp[1][0];
		t.shape[0][2] = tmp[0][0];
		t.shape[1][0] = tmp[2][1];
		t.shape[1][2] = tmp[0][1];
		t.shape[2][0] = tmp[2][2];
		t.shape[2][1] = tmp[1][2];
		t.shape[2][2] = tmp[0][2];
		for (int i = 0;i < 3;++i)
			for (int j = 0;j < 3;++j)
				if (t.shape[i][j])
					if (i + t.x > Sh || j + t.y>Sb || Screen[t.x + i][t.y + j]) {
						for (int i = 0;i < 3;++i)
							for (int j = 0;j < 3;++j)
								t.shape[i][j] = tmp[i][j];
					}
		TShow(t);
	}
}
void TMove(Tetris& t, int d) {
	d -= 5;
	for (int i = 0;i < 4;++i)
		for (int j = 0;j < 4;++j)
			if (t.shape[i][j] && Screen[t.x + i][t.y + j + d])
				return;
	t.y += d;
}
void TDown(Tetris& t) {
	TClear(t);
	int l = 0, i = 0, j = 0;
	while (1) {
		for (i = 0;i < 4;++i)
			for (j = 0;j < 4;++j)
				if (t.shape[i][j] && Screen[t.x + i + 1][t.y + j]) {
					TShow(t);
					return;
				}
		++t.x;
	}
	Sleep(20);
}
void TCopy(Tetris& tt, const Tetris& t) {
	tt.type = t.type;
	tt.x = t.x, tt.y = t.y;
	for (int i = 0;i < 4;++i)
		for (int j = 0;j < 4;++j)
			tt.shape[i][j] = t.shape[i][j];
}
void TShow(const Tetris& t) {
	for (int i = 0;i < 4;++i)
		for (int j = 0;j < 4;++j)
			if (t.shape[i][j] && (t.x + i != 0)) {
				PosScreen(t.x + i, t.y + j);
				cout << "■";
			}
}
void TClear(const Tetris& t) {
	if (t.type == 233)return;
	for (int i = 0;i < 4;++i)
		for (int j = 0;j < 4;++j)
			if (t.shape[i][j] && (t.x + i != 0)) {
				PosScreen(t.x + i, t.y + j);
				cout << "  ";
			}
}

int Judge_down(const Tetris& t) {
	for (int i = 0;i < 4;++i)
		for (int j = 0;j < 4;++j)
			if (t.shape[i][j] && Screen[t.x + i][t.y + j]) {
				for (int i = 0;i < 4;++i)
					for (int j = 0;j < 4;++j)
						if (t.shape[i][j])
							Screen[t.x + i - 1][t.y + j] = 1;
				return 1;
			}
	return 0;
}
int Judge_key() {
	unsigned d = 5;
	if (GetAsyncKeyState(VK_UP)) d = 8;
	else if (GetAsyncKeyState(VK_DOWN)) d = 2;
	else if (GetAsyncKeyState(VK_LEFT)) d = 4;
	else if (GetAsyncKeyState(VK_RIGHT)) d = 6;
	else if (GetAsyncKeyState(VK_SPACE)) Pause();
	else if (GetAsyncKeyState(VK_ESCAPE)) d = 0;
	else if (GetAsyncKeyState(0x52)) {
		system("cls");
		Interface();
		ScreenPrint();
		Pos(4, 49);cout << "R键图像复位导致下一";
		Pos(5, 49);cout << "个方块的显示失效BUG";
		Pos(6, 49);cout << "不高兴修复了";
	}
	return d;
}
int Judge_eliminate(const Tetris& t) {
	int judge = 0;
	for (int i = 0;i < 4;++i) {
		for (int j = 0;j < 4;++j)
			if (t.shape[i][j]) {
				int k;
				unsigned xx = t.x - 1;
				for (k = 1;k <= Sb&&Screen[xx + i][k];++k);
				if (k > Sb) {
					++judge;
					int blank = 0;
					if (xx == 1) {
						for (int l = 1;l <= Sb;++l)
							Screen[1][l] = 0;
						break;
					}
					while (blank != Sb) {
						blank = 0;
						for (int l = 1;l <= Sb;++l) {
							Screen[xx + i][l] = Screen[xx + i - 1][l];
							if (!Screen[xx + i - 1][l])++blank;
						}
						--xx;
					}
				}
				break;
			}
	}
	return judge;
}
int Judge_gameover(const Tetris& t) {
	for (int i = 0;i < 4;++i)
		if (t.shape[1][i] && Screen[1][t.y + i]) {
			PosScreen(10, 6);cout << "Game Over!";
			End();
		}
	return 0;
}

void Pos(unsigned x, unsigned y) {
	COORD p;
	try { if (x < 1 || y < 1) throw 1; }//测试代码,记得删除
	catch (int) { Pos(1, 1);cerr << "Error 1:坐标出错!";exit(1); }//测试代码,记得删除
	p.X = y - 1;p.Y = x - 1;
	SetConsoleCursorPosition(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE), p);
}
void PosScreen(unsigned x, unsigned y)
{
	Pos(x + 2, 2 * y + 3);
}
void Swap(bool& a, bool& b) {
	bool t = a;
	a = b;b = t;
}


int main()
{
	Start();
	Game();
	Pos(11, 50);
	return 0;
}

截图:

未经允许不得转载:冰点网络 » [玩耍]俄罗斯方块

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